The Most Common Problems Affecting Our Eyes

Eyes are one of the most crucial organs in our body that are constantly at work. They are complex organs, where several different parts have different functions and all the parts have to work well together simultaneously. Even the slightest faltering of any of those different functions might give rise to eye problems. The term “Eye Problems” is extremely ambiguous. Mostly it refers to vision problems, where one or more factors can cause the partial or complete obstruction of a clear 20/20 vision. Let’s discuss some of the most common afflictions that trouble our eyes and give rise to vision problems.

 

Eye Problems One of the main reasons of vision problems are refractive errors.  Farsightedness (hyperopia), nearsightedness (myopia), astigmatism, presbyopia are all examples of vision impairment caused by refractive errors.

 

    7This is a common condition which generally occurs due to excessive drying out of the eye surface due to constant use with infrequent blinking. Although it’s a minor issue, regularly occurring symptoms of eyestrain could be an indication of something more serious.

 

6Also known as Nyctalopia, this condition is the reason behind extremely poor vision in low light. This condition could be congenital, due to an injury, or even because of malnutrition.

 

    5This condition results due to insufficient production of tears by damaged tear glands or (excessive near work with infrequent blinking). Tear production is necessary to moisten our eyeballs and to wash away any foreign particles in it. Without this healthy coating of tears, the eyeball becomes dry, leading to blurred vision, itching or burning sensation, and a sensitivity to light.

 

    4Macular Degeneration is an incurable eye disease, which is also one of the leading causes of vision loss. This occurs because of the deterioration that is mostly age-related, but can also be accelerated by factors like the sun that causes damage to our eyes because of UV rays.

 

    3Cataract formation is caused by clouding on the surface of the lens that hampers with clear vision. It generally develops slowly, and is most commonly seen in elderly patients.

 

    2This disease directly damages the optic nerve in the eye, because of excess pressure due to fluid build up in the front part of the eye. Glaucoma is another leading cause of blindness in people, especially elderly patients.

 

    blog-8Patients of diabetes who have had the condition consistently for longer time are at risk of developing Diabetic Retinopathy or Diabetic Eye Disease, where the retina gets damaged because of high blood sugar, causing complete or partial vision loss.          

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