Preventive and Remedial measures to adopt against common eye problems

  We have already talked about the most common afflictions that can affect your eyes and your vision. The interesting thing to know here is that most of these problems can be prevented, controlled or minimized if only we actively embrace the following healthy habits.
  1. A healthy diet
2 Eating well is the best way to take care of your eyes. There are a few facts that you should always keep in mind when you plan your meals –
  • Although vitamins are beneficial for your eyesight, it’s always better to eat vitamin rich food than to take vitamin pills.
  • Green leafy vegetables like spinach and kale provide nutrients like lutein and zeaxanthin, which reduce the risk of eye diseases.
  • Bright yellow and orange vegetables like carrots and sweet potatoes are rich in Vitamin A and boost eye health.
  • Fruits like strawberries, oranges and mangoes are rich in Vitamin C and other antioxidants that help in keeping eye diseases at bay.
  • Salmon or any other cold-water fish are high in Omega-3 fatty acids that are vital for tear production and maintaining good eye health.
  1. Quit Smoking
1 There are multiple ways in which smoking is detrimental to your eye health. Cigarette smoke can enter your bloodstream and destroy cells in your eyes. Smoking also increases dryness of the eyes by reducing tear production. Macular degeneration, which is an incurable ailment that destroys vision in the centre of the eye, is accelerated in regular smokers.
  1. Protect your eyes from the sun
3 Gear up on your sun protection with sunglasses, sunscreens and oversized hats to keep those UV rays from causing damage. Don’t assume that dark tinted sunglasses will do the job. You need sunglasses with 100% UVA and UVB protection, to ensure that you keep those rays away from your precious eyes. The skin around your eyes is extremely delicate and also needs to be protected from UV rays. Various elements can form on the eyelids leading to major damage of the eye structure. Always use a good sunscreen, sunglasses with UV protection and oversized hats to keep these UV rays away from your face.
  1. Regular Comprehensive Eye Exams
4 Getting a regular eye exam can detect refractive powers in your eye at an early stage and help you take preventive measures. People who already have vision problems like Farsightedness or Nearsightedness should consult their optometrist and eye care practitioner once every year. Not only that, a comprehensive eye exam can also help in  detecting a variety of eye problems like glaucoma or cataract, at a much early stage, thus ensuring timely intervention. We recommend an eye exam every year.
  1. Watch out for Diabetic Retinopathy
5 Having high blood sugar or Diabetes can increase your risks of getting this disease, which is one of the leading causes of blindness across the globe. Because of the lack of symptoms in the initial stages, this disease can be easily overlooked. The only way to catch it in time is through detailed and regular eye examinations, and by keeping a strong control over your blood sugar, blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Although the blindness caused by this disease is irreversible, once detected, any further vision loss can be prevented by laser surgery.
  1. Cataract Treatment to Improve Vision
6 Cataract formation is quite a common condition that is a normal part of the aging process. Exposure to UV rays, certain medication or radiation therapy in cancer treatment can also spur on this process. Cataract surgeries, which involve replacing the damaged eye lenses with new ones, have proven to be quite effective in improving vision.
  1. Take regular breaks while working
7 Although prolonged staring at a computer screen doesn’t have any direct effects on your vision, it does tend to make your eyes dry. In order to avoid the “dry eye” syndrome and to keep your eyes strain-free, practise the 20-20-20 rule. Every 20 minutes, look up from your computer and stare at a point 20 feet away for at least 20 seconds. This will keep your eyes lubricated. If your eyes are feeling tired at the end of the day, try applying a warm compress to soothe your optic nerves.    

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