Hypertension and Eye Problems

Eye Problems

Day-to-day life can be full of minor stressors that add up to  high-stress levels leading to high blood pressure. High blood pressure is also known as hypertension and is the mother of various diseases as it can cause heart failure, kidney diseases and even a nervous breakdown. It is known to affect different parts of the body like the following:

  • Kidneys
  • Arteries
  • Heart
  • Brain
And what most people are unaware of – the eyes. What is the reason behind this? hypertension

The primary cause of hypertension is the pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries. These arteries are made up of muscles and when the muscles enlarge due to excessive exercise, the inner linings of the arteries become thick. The amount of fat entering the blood vessels get blocked as a result, blocking passage of the blood that passes to various parts of the body thereby leading to a heart attack and stroke in extreme cases.

Hypertension impacts the eyes as well. High blood pressure damages the vessels that carry blood to the retina thereby creating a leakage in the eye. The condition is known as hypertensive retinopathy. The retina in the eye is responsible for changing the light and images into nerve signals and sending them to the brain. It has infinite delicate blood vessels that could be affected because of eye diseases and other medical conditions. If hypertensive retinopathy is not treated properly it can lead to:

  • Blindness
  • Blurred Vision
  • Bleeding in the eye
  • Optic Nerve Damage
  • Headaches
  • Visual disturbances / Double Vision
eye test

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