Do you squint a little more to read the labels or increase the font on your smartphone to read an email? Well, you are not alone as vision changes are normal when you age. However, not every change is normal. Some will need immediate attention and care. A periodic eye test is the key for a healthy vision as you age.
Read on to know more about these eye changes and ways to overcome them.
Subtle Eye Changes with Age
Some of the eye changes that most people experience after the age of 40 includes,
Dry Eyes: As one ages, the eyes produce fewer tears. This is a common problem in women after menopause. You can experience a burning sensation in your eyes or stinging, which are due to dry eyes.
To avert the issue and prevent its aggravation, it is advisable that you go for regular eye check-ups and if the symptoms persist, then you may consult the doctor for using artificial tears.
The Pupil Size Reduces: The muscles that control the pupil size and the reaction to light tend to lose strength with age. It is for this reason that after 40, you will require more ambient light to read and write. It is also common to get dazzled when you come out in bright sunlight.
If you have been facing such concerns, then you can give photochromatic lenses and anti-reflective coating a try.
Loss of Peripheral Vision: The size of the visual field also decreases for some post 40, leading to a loss of peripheral vision. One usually loses one to three degrees in each decade of their life.
When you have peripheral vision loss, it will be prudent if you start driving your car with greater caution. At intersections, it will help if you carefully scan on either side of the road and then proceed.
Loss of Colour Vision: Colours tend to be less bright, and it is challenging to notice a contrast in colours with age. It is because the cells in the retina, which are responsible for colour vision decline.
You can give the special tinted eyeglasses a try that can increase your ability to differentiate between colours.
Age-Related Eye Problems
Along with the above eye changes, there are also some common eye problems too that one may face as one ages. Among others, include
Presbyopia: It refers to the inability to focus on objects that are closer to the eyes. Many understand it as reading issue; however, it is age-related and will need correction with spectacles or contact lenses.
Cataract: IIt is a common condition that develops in old age. The vision becomes blurry as if you are looking out through a hazy window. Cataract is one of the leading causes of blindness in India.
If you have a hazy vision issue, then consulting an ophthalmologist is advisable. After that you can for cataract surgery as per the doctor advice.
Glaucoma: This eye disorder can lead to blindness if left untreated for three years or more. The challenge is that there are no symptoms of this disease. It occurs when there is pressure build-up in the eye, and excess fluid cannot drain.
You can easily evade this eye condition by going for a regular eye test
Age-Related Macular Degeneration: It refers to the deterioration of the macula, which is the small central area of the retina of the eye that controls the visual acuity. One of the noticeable symptoms of this problem is that you face difficulty in reading the fine print.
Most of these eye issues and concerns can be taken care of by eating a healthy diet, making lifestyle changes and going for a regular eye examination. When you start supplementing your meals with these eight superfoods as mentioned in this blog https://www.visionexpress.in/blog/supplement-your-meals-with-8-superfoods-for-a-better-eye-health/, and schedule an annual eye checkup, you will be able to take care of your eyes better. If you are looking for a comprehensive eye test, then you can visit a Vision Express store. Book the appointment online and get a free eye checkup at a store near you.