AIDS and its impact on eyesight

Cover image (1) HIV is a virus that weakens the ability to fight serious infections and certain cancers further leading to AIDS. The infections that one gets during AIDS can affect vision. This makes it very important to know what are the symptoms of eye problems caused by AIDS and how they could be diagnosed and later treated. Some common symptoms one might experience as a result of AIDS caused eye problems are listed below:
  • Blurry vision, double vision or one with floating spots
  • Difficulty in moving eye balls
  • Red or purple coloured bump around the corner of eye
  • Wrong perceptions of colour
  • Redness in eyes, watery eyes, pain experience in eyes
  • Light induced pain in eyes
  • Swelling on the eyelids or blisters on the
VE-1 These symptoms are associated to the following eye problems, which could be treated if diagnosed in time and under proper medical guidance.
  • HIV retinotherapy is the most common eye problem caused in AIDS. It affects the blood vessels in the retina.
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis is a virus that affects the retina and demands timely treatment to prevent the damage it can cause to one’s vision.
  • Kaposi’s Sarcoma is a tumor in red or purple colour. There is treatment available for it and is usually harmless. It is however a rare eye problem in HIV patients.
  • Herpes zoster ophthalmicus is the chickenpox virus that also causes shingles. It is also known to have caused severe eye problems in HIV patients.
VE-2 Timely diagnosis of these symptoms can go a long way in aiding their treatment. Mostly, these eye problems are the first signs of detecting that a person has an HIV infection. Therefore it becomes very crucial to go for an eye examination that could involve the following at regular intervals:
  • Microscopic examination of the front and back of eye
  • Eye drop test
  • Eye test with camera capturing pictures of blood vessels in the retina
  • Visual field test
If diagnosed with any of the above eye problems, the doctors will treat you with medicines or surgery. Tumors are treated with radiation or have to undergo a surgery. Infections are treated with medicines. Retina damage involves surgery or laser treatment. So, make sure that you go for eye tests at regular intervals. Seek doctor’s consultation on experiencing the symptoms mentioned when infected by HIV and they will help you out by telling you what can be done next.

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